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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-11

Gender determination using velar morphology


1 Intern, PMNM Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
2 Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PMNM Dental college and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PMNM Dental college and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naveen Srinivas
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PMNM Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijohr.ijohr_36_19

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Aim: Aim of the study was to assess the various shapes of soft palate and determine the gender using velar morphology. Material and Methods: The study sample comprised of Digital Lateral cephalograms of 120 normal individuals which consisted of 60 males and 60 females between the age group of 11 to 45 from the department of Oral Medicine and Radiology PMNM Dental College and Hospital Bagalkot. The velar morphology was examined and classified into 6 types according to you et al, the associated velar length, velar width was measured. The results obtained were subjected to a statistical analysis to find the association between variants of soft palate with gender. Results: Six types of velar morphologies were observed. In this study leaf shape (type 1) had highest incidence rate among the subjects i.e; 50%, followed by rat tail (type 2) i.e; 27.5%. S shaped showed the lowest incidence. Velar length and width was found significantly greater in males than females. Conclusion: It was found that gender determination can be done using length, width and morphology of the soft palate.


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