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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 37-43

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Overview of the Disorder, Consequences, and Treatment Options


Department of Orthodontics, D. Y. Patil University, School of Dentistry, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sameer Pralhad Narkhede
Department of Orthodontics, D. Y. Patil University, School of Dentistry, Nerul, Navi Mumbai - 400 706, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2393-8692.172017

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potentially disabling condition characterized by disruptive snoring, repeated episodes of complete or partial pharyngeal obstruction during sleep resulting in nocturnal hypoxemia, frequent arousals, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Among adults, sleep apnea is more common than asthma. Recognized as a separate clinical entity nearly 35 years ago, OSA still remains substantial but frequently ignored public health threat. Although recognized for centuries, its importance for individuals and society has only recently been appreciated. Because individuals with narrow airways and/or craniofacial anomalies may have increased risk for OSA/hypopnea syndrome, dentistry can play a pivotal role in the identification and possible treatment of patients with this syndrome. This article makes an attempt to review some of the basic aspects of this sleep-related disorder, its diagnosis, pathophysiology, various treatment options, and consequences in adults as well as children.


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